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Data released on March 07, 2017

Draft genome of European bison (wisent), Bison bonasus

Abbot, R; Hu, Q; Jian, J; Lenstra, J, A; Liu, J; Ma, T; Mi, D; Qiu, Q; Wang, K; Wang, L; Yang, Y (2017): Draft genome of European bison (wisent), Bison bonasus GigaScience Database. RIS BibTeX Text

The wisent, also known as European bison, was rescued approximately 80 years ago from 12 founding individuals. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of a male wisent individual descended from this founding stock. A total of 366 billion base pairs (Gb) of raw reads from whole-genome sequencing of this wisent were generated using the Illumina HiSeq2000 platform. The final genome assembly (2.58 Gb), is composed of 29,074 scaffolds with an N50 of 4.7 Mb. 47.3% of the genome is composed of repetitive elements. We identified 21,542 genes and 58,385 non-coding RNAs. A phylogenetic tree based on nuclear genomes indicated sister relationships between bison and wisent and between the wisent-bison clade and yak. For 75 genes we obtained evidence of positive evolution in the wisent lineage. We provide the first genome sequence and gene annotation for the wisent. The availability of these resources will be of value for the future conservation of this endangered large mammal and for reconstructing the evolutionary history of the Bovini tribe.

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  • Funding body - National Natural Science Foundation of China
  • Award ID - 91331102
  • Comment - Jianquan Liu
  • Funding body - Youth Science and Technology Innovation Team of Sichuan Province
  • Award ID - 2014TD003
  • Comment - Jianquan Liu
  • Funding body - Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China
  • Award ID - 2010DFA34610
  • Comment - Jianquan Liu

Samples: Table Settings


Common Name
Scienfic Name
Sample Attributes
Taxonomic ID
Genbank Name

Sample IDTaxonomic IDCommon NameGenbank NameScientific NameSample Attributes
Bison bonasus19902wisentEuropean bisonBison bonasus Sex:male
Alternative names:wisent, Bison bison bonasus, Eur...
Displaying 1-1 of 1 Sample(s).

Files: (FTP site) Table Settings


File Description
Sample ID
File Type
File Format
Release Date
Download Link
File Attributes

File NameSample IDFile TypeFile FormatSizeRelease Date 
Bison bonasus1Genome sequenceFASTA667.73 MB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1Coding sequenceFASTA9.34 MB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1annotationGFF2.03 MB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1protein sequenceFASTA6.25 MB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1annotationGFF344.77 MB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1annotationGFF5.55 MB2017-03-07
Sequence variantsVCF81.64 MB2017-03-07
Otherarchive4.76 MB2017-03-07
ReadmeTEXT1.59 KB2017-03-07
AssemblyFASTA15.96 KB2017-03-07
Displaying 1-10 of 12 File(s).



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